Balfour Beatty is reaping the rewards of using drones on major construction projects, including work on a multi-million-pound Smart Motorway upgrade in The Midlands - with support from UAV specialist Heliguy.
The international infrastructure group is utilising UAVs, including the recently-released DJI Phantom 4 RTK, to enhance safety, increase efficiency, gather data faster, improve asset productivity and gain high-accuracy results.
Drones are being used for:
Quicker stockpile measurements
Informative aerial progress reports
Accessing hard-to-reach areas
The company has turned to drone expert Heliguy as its preferred supplier, with the award-winning North East England UAV firm providing a comprehensive package of equipment and support. Balfour Beatty's drone pilots have praised Heliguy for its 'industry-recognised expertise, effective communication and wide-ranging services'.
'Heliguy has industry-recognised expertise and is a one-stop-shop for help, support, technical advice and aftercare' - Wayne Hughes, Principal UAS Pilot, Balfour Beatty
Recently, Heliguy visited Balfour Beatty on location in The Midlands to find out how the innovative company is benefiting from drone technology, both on its M6 Smart Motorway scheme and on other construction and infrastructure projects.
Balfour Beatty has found that drones are a great time saver - collecting data faster, improving efficiency and enhancing health and safety
Balfour Beatty's experienced drone pilots Craig Matthews and Wayne Hughes have also shared their verdicts on the Phantom 4 RTK, which they have been trialling during the M6 work. So far, they are pleased with its performance and the results it yields.
Balfour Beatty's drone pilots have described the Phantom 4 RTK as a great piece of kit, stable, reliable and capable of producing accurate results
In 2015, Balfour Beatty - in partnership with VINCI Construction - was selected to deliver a Smart Motorway package on the M4, M5 and M6, worth up to £607.4million. Among the projects was a 13.6-mile section of the M6, from Junction 2 at Coventry to Junction 4 near Coleshill, at a cost of £212million.
Once the two-year upgrade work is completed, the transformed stretch will increase capacity, reduce congestion and shorten journey times for the thousands of road users who use this network every day.
Balfour Beatty has been using drones since 2015 and has 11 pilots. Looking ahead, UAVs are a big part of the future strategy, as set out in the company's Innovation 2050 vision
Extra capacity will be added to the motorways through the conversion of the hard shoulder to a permanent running lane. Electronic signs, operated by a regional control centre, will be installed to manage the flow of traffic in response to driving conditions.
And for Balfour Beatty, drones are playing an important role with this major M6 transformation.
Drones Helping With Safety and Efficiency
Balfour Beatty is using a number of DJI drones - as supplied by Heliguy - on the M6 scheme. These are the:
Balfour Beatty has used the drones for a number of reasons, including mapping and capturing aerial shots, and the company has found that this technology has reduced the amount of hours spent onsite, as well as numerous other benefits.
Drones + stockpile measurements = increased efficiency. Traditional handheld methods could take a surveyor a day, but a drone can collect this data in 15 minutes and a model can be processed in two hours
First off, they are proving to be a real time saver, especially when it comes to measuring stockpiles and earthworks at the scheme's recycling depot at Junction 2.
Thanks to drones, the team can fly over the site and digitise the area in a fraction of the time that it would take to use traditional, onsite methods. This leads to faster data collection and increased efficiency.
Craig Matthews, Principal UAS Manager for Balfour Beatty, said: "The drones are a great time saver. Take the recycling compound for example. If we were to measure stockpiles with traditional survey tools, it would take a lot longer to measure the site and gather the data, whereas drones enable the team to do fairly rapid measurements of different types of materials and earthworks.
"It would take a surveyor, using traditional handheld equipment, about a day to measure the stockpiles and process the data. But using the drone, we can fly over the compound in 15 minutes and process the model in about two hours."
Drones improve health and safety by taking people away from places where they could be in harm's way. UAVs can do these jobs from a distance
"They are fantastic tools, supplementing the work of the surveyors on-site and helping us to get out to places where boots on the ground wouldn't necessarily be the best option.
"It takes people away from places where they could be in harm's way and it means that we haven't got people climbing over stockpiles. Instead, the drones can fly over the site and generate a model afterwards, which we can review in the office."
Drones offer vital eyes from the sky
Drones provide a bird's-eye view of a construction site, giving a complete snapshot of the area and offering useful insights.
Drones give an aerial view of your site, which is great for progress reports, sharing development information and spotting mistakes early
Balfour Beatty carries out regular flights across the scheme, allowing the whole team to monitor progress and to support team briefings - as this video shows.
This is vital for a number of reasons:
- Regular progress reports
- Allows staff to monitor and record activities on-site
- Gain a better understanding of what is going on
- Identify any issues or problems a lot easier and quicker
Take this sequence of images for example, taken from the Balfour Beatty scheme to construct the A45 Daventry development link road, in Northamptonshire. The pictures show how a drone can be used to monitor and record site progress over a period of time.
With this in mind, it is fair to say that drones give a unique view, which you would not get from the ground.
Wayne said: "It is very useful. We can see at a moment's notice where we are with the project and we can demonstrate that to the customer.
"Drones are a game-changer for the industry" - Wayne Hughes, Balfour Beatty
"It means that the team can be aware of what is going on without having to go out to the site and you can reach areas that you can't otherwise necessarily get to because of health and safety.
"We get to see the progress as it is happening and there's no questions - the footage captured from the drones says this is where we were at this stage or that stage, and this is where we are now. This is beneficial for the customer, stakeholders and the staff."
Reliable, Stable and Less Ground Control Points Needed - Balfour Beatty's Verdict on the DJI Phantom 4 RTK
The next-gen mapping drone was released towards the end of last year and was designed to use RTK processing to produce highly accurate aerial maps.
Wayne Hughes, Principal UAS Pilot at Balfour Beatty, said: "The RTK is very good. It provides greater flight safety due to the stability it offers and provides more accurate ground-sensor data. We have achieved some very encouraging figures."
In addition to the RTK unit, the Phantom 4 RTK also uses a redundant GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) module that provides additional flight stability when flying in dense regions with poor RTK signal.
Using Phantom 4 RTK = Less Ground Control Points, which saves time and improves safety
The RTK module is integrated directly with the drone to provide centimetre-level accuracy for stable flight and accurately georeferenced imagery.
A new TimeSync system was added to continually align the flight controller, camera and RTK module – ensuring each photo uses the most accurate metadata and fixes the positioning data to the centre of the CMOS sensor.
"Drones are a no-brainer. The cost of the equipment is falling, but the quality of the equipment is increasing," - Craig Matthews, Balfour Beatty
The Phantom 4 RTK also has the ability to connect to the D-RTK 2 Mobile Station (pictured below), NTRIP (Network Transport of RTCM via Internet Protocol), or store the satellite observation data to be used for PPK.
Craig said: "We have found the Phantom 4 RTK to be a great piece of kit and when it is paired with the base station we are achieving a rock-solid, stable flight and nice accurate models. The battery life is exceptional and it produces high-resolution images."
When it comes to mapping the site, Balfour Beatty has merged the old with the new, complementing the traditional method of laying ground control points with the Phantom 4 RTK to collect the data.
Ground control points - or GCPs as they are known - are marked points on the ground that have a known geographic location. However, laying out a large number of these markers can be time-consuming.
But the Phantom 4 RTK changes all of this. Wayne said: "Thanks to the Phantom 4 RTK, less GCPs need to be put out compared to traditional methods. This reduction makes it safer for the staff who normally put them out."
Innovation, Innovation, Innovation - Balfour Beatty's Drone Programme
The smart motorways project isn't Balfour Beatty's first involvement with drones. In fact, with innovation at its core, the company has been using UAVs since 2015 and has 11 pilots in its team.
Balfour Beatty uses drones on a variety of projects, including construction and inspection
Craig said: "We have had drones in-house for about three years and they have been used for a variety of work, from inspections to monitoring general progress, filming and PR and mapping.
"Balfour Beatty has always tried to stay ahead of the curve in terms of technology and adopting new technology if we can find a suitable place for it in the business. They are a great tool to deliver the results safely, quickly and accurately."
Indeed, drones form a large part of the company's Innovation 2050 vision, which sets out a digital future for the infrastructure industry, based around human-free construction sites.
Balfour Beatty's 2050 vision: Drones will scan sites constantly, providing vital information and solving problems
As part of the innovative strategy, 'drones will be flying overhead, scanning the site constantly, inspecting the work and using the data collected to predict and solve problems before they arise, sending instructions to robotic cranes and diggers and automated builders with no need for human involvement'.
Looking ahead to the potential for Balfour Beatty to extend its drone provision, Craig said: "I imagine that Balfour Beatty's drone programme will keep growing as we find new uses across the business."
When it comes to drones and innovation, Wayne - who has been flying UAVs for a number of years - says he has been blown away by the rapid development of drones.
In the space of a few years, unmanned aircraft have gone from hobbyists toys to major players in the world of cinematography and enterprise.
Indeed, drones are becoming more high-tech and are being used for a range of purposes, including:
Wayne said: "I have seen changes that I never thought I would see. You go back to the Inspire 1 and it doesn't feel like we were there that long ago.
"But you compare that to the Phantom 4 RTK, and we've also used the M210 RTK, which was a dream, and we've come so far in such a short space of time."
Why did Balfour Beatty choose Heliguy?
Heliguy has industry-recognised expertise and offers a fantastic range of DJI products which have supported us in our business. Heliguy offers a good range of support, from the initial query, through the transaction and then advice and technical support after the purchase. I wouldn't hesitate to recommend Heliguy to others in the industry - communication is easy, the advice is there and they will even ship any rental equipment you require straight to site so you can be up and running without delay.
Wayne Hughes, Balfour Beatty
Would you encourage other companies to use drones?
For Craig and Wayne, the answer to this question is an unequivocal yes, with the latter describing drones as a game-changer for the construction industry.
Craig said: "I would recommend any company which is considering using drones in the business to at least explore it.
"The cost of the equipment is falling, but the quality of the equipment is increasing. It is a no-brainer and I believe that drones will become commonplace on construction sites."
From saving time in the field, to improving safety and providing valuable information from above - it is clear that the use of drones, including the DJI Phantom 4 RTK, is transforming the way that Balfour Beatty works.
The benefits of using UAVs in construction are plain to see and it would appear that this industry will utilise drones more and more in the future.
Indeed, the release of the Phantom 4 RTK and more recently the mapping software, DJI Terra, shows that DJI recognises the potential of these mighty machines when it comes to construction and surveying.
There's every chance that additional mapping drones and tools will be added to the DJI ecosystem in the coming months and years. After all, in the words of Balfour Beatty UAV pilot Wayne Hughes, drones have been a game-changer for the construction industry.