Drone Mapping with Emlid Reach Receivers And RTK/PPK Modules

Drone Mapping with Emlid Reach Receivers And RTK/PPK Modules

How the Emlid Reach ecosystem - including the Reach RS2/RS+ receivers and M2/M+ RTK/PPK modules - can bolster drone surveying workflows. This includes using the receivers as a base station with an RTK-capable drone and deploying the RTK/PPK modules for precise UAV mapping with less ground control points.

Last updated: Jun 08, 2022
Published on: Apr 26, 2022

6 minute read

  • How the Emlid Reach ecosystem - including the Reach RS2/RS+ receivers and M2/M+ RTK/PPK modules - can bolster drone surveying workflows;
  • The Reach receivers can be used as a base station with an RTK-capable drone, as well as help set out ground control points for drone mapping;
  • Use the Reach RTK/PPK modules to build accurate maps, with centimetre precision;
  • Contact the heliguy™ in-house surveying team for workflow support and to add Emlid products to your surveying toolbox. 

heliguy™ has partnered with Emlid to help professionals streamline their surveying workflows.

While the industry-leading Reach receivers can be used for land surveying, they can also be deployed to assist drone mapping missions.

 

 

This blog takes a look at how the Emlid ecosystem supports UAV surveys, including using the Reach RS2 multi-band receiver as a base station and deploying the Reach RTK/PPK modules to build highly-accurate maps.

Reach RS2 As A Base Station For An RTK-capable Drone

The Reach RS2 seamlessly integrates with RTK-capable drones by DJI, such as the Phantom 4 RTK.

It works in PPK and RTK mode and is capable of providing extremely accurate mapping and surveying using RTK positioning.

 

 

In terms of connectivity, there are two options:

RTK over NTRIP: RTK-capable drones need a base station as a source of corrections during flight. To connect your drone with the Reach base and pass RTK corrections, you can use Emlid NTRIP Caster. Set up your NTRIP credentials in ReachView 3 app by registering and creating an account. The app allows you to keep accounts for multiple NTRIP services in one place. 

Logs RINEX for PPK: For PPK mapping, the Reach RS2 base station logs GNSS data in RINEX format. After the flight, you can process the RINEX files and align your photos to the coordinates.

In terms of the workflow, there are different processes to follow, depending on whether you are using RTK or PPK.

Open the expanders below to follow the optimal workflow for you. The step by step guide takes mapping with the Phantom 4 RTK as the example:

RTK

1: Сreate an NTRIP mount point

Log in or create an account on the NTRIP service. You will be allocated a particular port and IP address as part of your credentials. You can then use your credentials to input your mount point’s details for both a base and a drone.

2: Set up a base to transmit the corrections

Place your base. Set up the base coordinates for RTK mode and enable RINEX logging for PPK mode in the ReachView 3 app.

3: Connect your base to the mount point

Insert credentials of NTRIP Caster to the Correction output settings in ReachView 3 app.

4: Connect your Phantom RTK drone to the same mount point

Go to the RTK Settings tab on your flight controller and insert your NTRIP credentials.

5: Perform a flight

Provide the Phantom 4 RTK with a clear sky view and proceed to the mission.

6: Export data

Download the precisely geotagged photos and use them to create orthophotos.

PPK

1: Set up a base

Place your Reach RS2 base. Enable RINEX logging for PPK mode in the ReachView 3 app.

2: Set up logging on your Phantom RTK drone

On your flight controller, set up a flight in GNSS mode to record the raw position information.

3: Perform a flight

Provide your drone with a clear sky view and proceed to the mission.

4: Export data

Download the RINEX files from Reach RS2, the raw positioning data, and the photos' timestamps from your drone.

5: Process logs

Process the files in your PPK software to get an accurate position for each photo.

6: Create your orthophotos

Proceed to create a map with accurately geotagged photos. 

Ground Control Points With Reach Receivers

The Reach RS+ and RS2 receivers can be used to set up ground control points for drone mapping. 

 

 

The table below shows the difference between the Reach RS+ and RS2.

 

Reach RS+

Reach RS2

Frequency bands
Single-band Multi-band
Time to first fix
1-2 minutes 5 seconds
Positioning
H: 7 mm + 1 ppm
V: 14 mm + 1 ppm
H: 7 mm + 1 ppm
V: 14 mm + 1 ppm
Baseline in RTK mode
Up to 10km Up to 60 km
Baseline in PPK mode
Up to 20km Up to 100 km
3.5G modem
No Yes
LoRa radio
Yes Yes

 

Both these receivers provide accurate coordinates for placing GCPs, ensuring you collect repeatable mapping data.

For instance, the two images below - provided by Emlid - show how valuable GCPs are for drone mapping.

The first image shows the extraction of contour lines, as processed without GCPs. In this case, the processing software relied solely on the drone's GPS data recorded in its photos' EXIF. Therefore, the accuracy of the final orthophoto is only metre-level, so contour lines don't match.

 

 

However, in this example, the drone images were georeferenced with GCPs. The final orthophotos are accurate so the contour lines are almost identical and have the same shape.

 

 

The Reach RS+ and RS2 are RTK receivers. RTK is a technique used to improve the accuracy of a GPS receiver. Traditional GPS receivers could only determine the position with 2–4 metres accuracy, while RTK provides 1 to 2cm accuracy.

So, what is the workflow for placing GCPs for drone mapping, using Reach receivers? 

  1. Explore the site and place ground control points: Determine all features of the landscape and analyze the amount of GCPs — in most cases, from five to ten points are required.
  2. Connect your rover to a local base or NTRIP provider: Using the ReachView 3 app, create a survey project and choose your local coordinate system.
  3. Collect the coordinates of each GCP with the rover: The Reach receiver allows you to get centimeter-precise data.
  4. Fly a drone: Fly an area to collect aerial images with any drone such as Phantom, Mavic, etc.
  5. Export GCP from Reach in CSV format: Once data is collected, you can export your project in CSV, DXF, GeoJSON, DroneDeploy CSV, or ESRI Shapefiles format.
  6. Import photos and GCP list to mapping software: Upload CSV file with GCPs to your mapping software for accurate georeferencing. Create your project with DroneDeploy, Pix4d, Agisoft, or other mapping software.

Reach Modules To Enable RTK/PPK On A Drone

The Reach M+ and Reach M2 UAV modules help to deliver centimetre-accurate maps in RTK and PPK.

 

 

The table below shows the key differences between the M+ and M2.

 

M+

M2

Overview
If you work within short baselines, then Reach M+ is an optimal choice. Provides robust performance and quick initialization, allowing work on long baselines.
RTK
Up to 10 km Up to 60 km
PPK
Up to 20 km Up to 100 km
Time to fix
1-2 min 5 sec
Frequency bands
Single-band Multi-band
RINEX logging update rate
Up to 14 Hz Up to 20 Hz*

*coming with a software update,
up to 10 Hz now

 

Place one of the modules onboard a drone and drastically cut the number of GCPs required. This simplifies the setup process on-site and accurately maps, even in remote areas.

Reach connects directly to the camera hot shoe port, which is synced with the shutter.

 

 

The time and coordinates of each photo are logged with a resolution of less than a microsecond. This method means that GCPs only need to be used to check your accuracy.

Reach PPK modules are fully compatible with most cameras with hot shoe, including:

  • Sony A6000
  • Nikon D3200
  • Canon EOS 4000D
  • Canon EOS 700D DSLR
  • Ricoh GR III
  • Sony Alpha A7R III
  • Samsung NX1000

Drone Mapping with Emlid Reach Receivers And RTK/PPK Modules - Summary

Emlid's Reach ecosystem is designed to bolster surveying accuracy and streamline surveying workflows.

A tool for land surveying, the Reach receivers can also be used to benefit drone mapping missions, while the RTK/PPK modules help UAV operators build precision maps. 

As an added advantage, Emlid's Reach ecosystem is a cost-effective solution and the RS2 and RS+ receivers are rugged weatherproof solutions.

Contact the heliguy™ in-house surveying team to find out more about integrating the Reach products into your drone workflows or learn more about heliguy™ survey assist.


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